William Klein first gained distinction in the mid-twentieth century for his original approach of creating ironic fashion photography through using innovative and unusual techniques. Now widely considered both a revolutionary photographer and filmmaker, Klein originally trained as a painter studying under Fernand Léger in the 1950s bringing an artist’s sensibility to all the media in which he worked. It would be the medium of photography in which Klein first achieved widespread acclaim shooting street photography of various cities winning the Prix Nadar in 1957 for his images of New York City. He also created avant-garde commercial fashion photography during his time at Vogue from 1954 to 1966 earning a reputation as an iconoclast using wide-angled lenses to create surreal effects and introducing movement and energy in the form of blurred motion into his naturally lit street shoots that often mockingly approached the world of fashion.
By the beginning of the 1960s when Klein was solidifying his reputation as a photographer, he was turning increasingly towards filmmaking blurring the boundaries between both mediums. He said, “I learned a lot taking fashion photographs – how to use lights, sets, locations – how to come up with ideas under pressure. Which was preparation for later doing tight movie schedules.” Carrying over Klein’s ironic approach to fashion, his first full-length film that he wrote, directed, and designed was the satire “Who Are You, Polly Maggoo?” Made in 1965 and 1966, it was inspired by his years at Vogue becoming a kind of unsympathetic postscript to his fashion years and the media even including a spoof of Diana Vreeland. In the film, Klein designed and created his own world, reveling in making theater by collaborating on making outrageous and unwearable clothes. Throughout it he overwhelms with constant geometry, Op Art, spirals, emblems, and flags creating an inundation of design motifs that were unique to the time.
The image of models backstage at their dressing room tables taken during the film perfectly unites Klein’s interests of filmmaking and photography at the time. The models function as a part of Klein’s created world with their clothing stripes almost camouflaging them against the same pattern of the background while becoming rather anonymous with their identical geometric haircuts as they gaze at the viewer from within the narrow space. The photographer is seemingly entering a privileged backstage space as he peers over a makeup mirror with light bulbs in the foreground. A mess of makeup is presented by the unique angle Klein sets up from which to capture the models’ intent gazes. Predating the world’s obsession with supermodels and backstage images of them that Klein continued capturing twenty years later, the photograph still encapsulates a feeling of the mid-1960s with its attention to the graphic qualities of Op Art and the unique aesthetics of the period of change. The film would become a critical success winning France’s Prix Jean Vigo, but Klein always the innovator, would turn his back on mainstream film and continue to create groundbreaking bodies of work over the next decades.