André Kertész - Zadkine in his Paris Studio
André Kertész
Zadkine in his Paris Studio
Silver Gelatin Photograph
c. 1960s, Printed Later
10 x 8 inches

Signed on recto

Horst P. Horst - Mainbocher Corset
Horst P. Horst
Mainbocher Corset
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1939, printed later
20 x 16 inches

Signed, titled, and dated on print verso. Artist blind stamp on recto.

Horst P. Horst - Odalisque I
Horst P. Horst
Odalisque I
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1943, printed later
14 x 11 inches

Signed, titled, and dated on print verso.

Horst P. Horst - Lisa on Silk I
Horst P. Horst
Lisa on Silk I
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1939, Printed Later
14 x 11 inches

Signed, titled and dated in pencil on verso. Artist blind stamp on recto.

Horst P. Horst - Dali Costumes
Horst P. Horst
Dali Costumes, Platinum Photograph on Silk
Platinum Photograph on Silk (Pima Cotton)
1939, Print made early 1990's
9 x 6 1/2 inches

Blindstamp (in the margin); signed, titled, dated and annotated in pencil (on the verso)

Horst P. Horst - Helen Bennett, (Spider Dress)
Horst P. Horst
Helen Bennett, (Spider Dress)
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1939, Printed Later
20 x 16 inches

Signed, titled, and dated on print verso

Horst P. Horst - Carmen Face Massage
Horst P. Horst
Carmen Face Massage
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1946, Printed Later
20 x 16 inches

Signed, titled, and dated on print verso.

Horst P. Horst - Lisa with Harp
Horst P. Horst
Lisa with Harp, Platinum Photograph on Silk
Platinum Photograph on Silk (Pima Cotton)
Executed in 1939, Printed Later
8 1/2 x 6 3/8 inches

Blindstamp (in the margin); signed, titled, dated and annotated in pencil (on the verso)

Horst P. Horst - Lisa Money Plant
Horst P. Horst
Lisa Money Plant
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1939, Printed Later
20 x 16 inches

Signed, titled, and dated on print verso.

Horst P. Horst - Dior Dress, Petticoat
Horst P. Horst
Dior Dress, Petticoat
Platinum/Palladium Photograph
1948, Printed Later
14 x 11 inches

Signed, titled and dated on print verso. Artist blind stamp on recto

Horst P. Horst - Alix (Black Satin Dress
Horst P. Horst
Alix (Black Satin Dress)
Platinum/Palladium Photograph
1938, Printed Later
24 x 20 inches

Signed, titled and dated in pencil on verso. Artist blind stamp on recto

Berenice Abbott - West Street, New York
Berenice Abbott
West Street, New York
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1938, Printed 1979
16 x 20 inches, Mounted on Board 24 x 30 inches
Photographer’s signature and # 51/60, in pencil on mount's recto and hand stamp on mount's verso
Berenice Abbott - South Street with Brooklyn Bridge
Berenice Abbott
South Street with Brooklyn Bridge, Pier 21, Pennsylvania Railroad, Manhattan
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1937, Printed 1979
16 x 20 inches, Mounted on Board 24 x 30 inches
Signed lower right and annotated AP on lower left recto
Berenice Abbott - Gasoline Station, Tremont Avenue and Dock Street
Berenice Abbott
Gasoline Station, Tremont Avenue and Dock Street, Bronx
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1936, Printed 1979
19 1/2 x 15 1/4 inches, Mounted on 30 x 24 inches board
Signed lower right and AP Artist Proof on lower left recto
Berenice Abbott - Gunsmith and Police Department, 6 Centre Market Place
Berenice Abbott
Gunsmith and Police Department, 6 Centre Market Place, Manhattan
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1937, Printed 1979
15 1/2 x 19 1/2 inches, Mounted on Board 24 x 30 inches
Signed lower right and AP Artist Proof on lower left recto
Berenice Abbott - El, 9th. Avenue, NYC
Berenice Abbott
El, 9th. Avenue, NYC
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1936, printed c. 1936
10 x 8 inches

Abbott's "50th. Commerce St." stamp and hand written title and notations on print's verso.

Ruth Bernhard - Perspective II
Ruth Bernhard
Perspective II
Platinum/Palladium Photograph
1967, Printed 1996
14 X 20 Inches

Signed in pencil in the margin on recto. Title, date, copyright, edition 'Letter F of 6,' and printing notations in pencil on the verso

Ruth Bernhard - Hips Horizontal
Ruth Bernhard
Hips Horizontal
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1975, Printed 1984
7 1/4 x 9 1/2 inches

Bernhard's signature and edition notations 64/75, in pencil, on mount recto

Ruth Bernhard - Classic Torso
Ruth Bernhard
Classic Torso
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1952, Printed Later
13 1/2 x 9 5/8 inches

Mounted, signed in pencil on the mount, signed, titled, and dated in pencil and with the photographer's copyright stamp on the reverse.

Ruth Bernhard - Wet Silk
Ruth Bernhard
Wet Silk
Silver Gelatin Photograph
1938, Printed 1980s
13 1/2 x 9 1/2 inches

Signed in pencil, on mount recto. Signature, title, date, in pencil and copyright stamp, on mount verso

Berenice Abbott - West Street, New York-TB
Berenice Abbott - South Street with Brooklyn Bridge-TB
Berenice Abbott - Gasoline Station, Tremont Avenue and Dock Street-TB
Berenice Abbott - Gunsmith and Police Department, 6 Centre Market Place-TB
Ruth Bernhard - Perspective II - TB
Ruth Bernhard - Hips Horizontal - TB
Ruth Bernhard - Classic Torso-TB
Ruth Bernhard - Wet Silk - TB

Pioneers of Photography:
Classic Images from the 1920s to 1960s.

10/3/2015 - 11/21/2015

During the critical years spanning from the 1920s to the 1960s, a vital period emerged for the development of the medium of photography that would dramatically alter mankind’s perception and experience of the world. Photography would evolve technically from the limitations of large, heavy cameras with slow lenses and magnesium flash to smaller 35 and 110 mm hand-held cameras which were lighter, faster, and more adept at immediately capturing our surroundings. The modern era, marked by huge cultural, political, and economic changes saw increasing numbers of people both producing and consuming images which firmly brought photography into the forefront. With the growth of the production and dissemination of photography, its acceptance as a burgeoning art form was hotly debated and discussions would arise regarding what specific criteria makes a photograph a work of art.

Photographers were given greater latitude whether they used their lenses to document, invent, or experiment in their creation of photographic work while institutions began to accept and even champion the importance of photography as a cultural and aesthetic enterprise. In particular, individual photographers would emerge during this expansive time that would have a dramatic affect on the medium’s role as a modern art form. In their own unique manners and through a variety of subject matter, they created lasting influences setting precedents for what was possible through the camera. Above all, photographers such as Henri Cartier-Bresson, Edward Weston, Bill Brandt, and André Kertész included in the exhibition possessed a unique and enduring spirit of discovery by creating photographs that provided durable visual records of the extraordinary modern era. Collectively they empowered and matured the reach and significance of photography.

Upon first using a Leica camera in the early 1930’s, Henri Cartier-Bresson became captivated with the spontaneity of photography and went on to pioneer photojournalism over the next decades. His uncanny ability to capture life on the run helped to define the creative potential of modern photography by showing the world through his images that possess a zest and a compositional balance that energize them. He was a keen observer of international human affairs and also a founder of the influential Magnum Photos Agency.

Edward Weston was a highly influential American photographer of the early to mid-20th century who established a straightforward and exacting style characterized by the use of a large-format camera to create sharply focused and detailed images. His careful compositions, rigorous standards for printing, and his rejection of anything superfluous or artificial are legendary. Weston’s passion for form in his still lifes, portraits, landscapes, and nudes had qualities that seemed particularly suited for expressing the new American lifestyle and aesthetic.

Bill Brandt emerged as a seminal figure in modernist photography through his ability to present the dark and atmospheric world of England as something both haunting and extraordinary. His distinctive vision emerged in the 1930s focusing on documenting the war and economic depression of England and later pictured both landscapes and the stratified society of England. After the war, he turned his focus to the human body and created nudes using unusual perspectives to innovatively transform flesh into abstract landscapes being unconcerned with the prevailing narrow notions of idealized beauty.

André Kertész was a vital influence on photography for both journalism and as an art form particularly for photographers that worked with 35 mm cameras. The Hungarian-born ex-stockbroker is known for combining his seemingly effortless spontaneity with a sophisticated understanding of composition that characterized his practice from the 1920s onward. He captured the poetry of modern urban life with its quiet, often overlooked incidents and odd, occasionally comic, or even bizarre juxtapositions pioneering the photographic tenants for modernism.